Research Briefs

  • Mindfulness aids treatment-resistant schizophrenia symptoms
    on September 23, 2021 at 10:30 pm

    Schizophrenia is a persistent mental illness with positive (hallucinations and delusions), negative (lack of motivation, social withdrawal, flat affect) and cognitive (impaired executive functioning) symptoms. While medications can often reduce […]

  • Some adverse events occur alongside mindfulness training
    on September 14, 2021 at 3:41 pm

    The goal of psychological and behavioral intervention is to help people live better lives. It is possible, however, that such interventions can also cause harm for select individuals. This is as true of mindfulness meditation as it is of other […]

  • Brain activity similar after CBT and MBSR for people with social anxiety
    on August 24, 2021 at 9:17 pm

    Social anxiety disorder is a diagnosis of unreasonable fear of embarrassment in social situations. People with social anxiety disorder often avoid social situations, thereby limiting the quality of their lives. Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy (CBT) […]

  • App-based mindfulness tool lessens expected reward of eating food
    on August 16, 2021 at 7:47 pm

    An epidemic of obesity has been reported in the United States. Over 40% of Americans are classified as overweight and at elevated risk for diabetes, heart disease, and stroke. Obesity-associated medical costs are estimated at $147 billion yearly. […]

  • Mindfulness versus suppression aligns learned pain expectations
    on July 27, 2021 at 8:24 pm

      How does mindfulness reduce the experience of pain? One theory has it that focusing mindfully on present-moment sensory experience reduces the influence of held beliefs. For example, past experiences with pain shape expectations about what pain […]

  • MBSR has pain effect same as cognitive and behavior therapies
    on July 21, 2021 at 4:09 pm

    Many psychotherapeutic interventions are available to treat pain. Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction, Cognitive Therapy, and Behavior Therapy are shown to be effective in improving pain-related outcomes among patients with chronic pain. However, […]

  • Depression in menopause curbed by MBSR, most for mood sensitive
    on June 30, 2021 at 6:03 pm

    Perimenopause, the multiyear transition from regular menses to their complete cessation, places women at increased risk for depression, with 45-68% of perimenopausal women reporting depressive symptoms. Erratic levels of the reproductive hormone […]

  • Virtual reality ups attendance to mindfulness course
    on June 18, 2021 at 8:08 pm

    College can be demanding, and up to one-third of college students report feeling highly stressed. High stress levels can be a significant problem since a third of all college students report current or past mood, anxiety, or substance use disorders […]

  • Mindfulness to target anxiety in seniors with cognitive decline
    on May 25, 2021 at 4:26 pm

    A common worry among older adults is cognitive decline. Older adults may worry about possible cognitive decline even when standardized tests fail to reveal signs of cognitive deficits. Adults with subjective cognitive decline are often anxious about […]

  • MBSR lessens daily emotional volatility over music therapy
    on May 19, 2021 at 3:37 pm

    Mindfulness training often results in mood benefits given that practitioners learn to experience discomfort without reactivity and cultivate positive emotions. However, little is known how mindfulness training affects shifts in daily positive and […]

  • Single dose modafinil drug increases home practice of meditation and relaxation
    on April 28, 2021 at 3:59 pm

    Mindfulness requires cognitive effort and so practice places demands on a meditator’s attention. Many psychological disorders include impairment in attention as a symptom, and patients with attentional impairment may find mindfulness practice too […]

  • Mindful walking increases walking distance in COPD patients
    on April 19, 2021 at 8:17 pm

    People with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) suffer from shortness of breath that limits their physical activity. Other symptoms include wheezing, coughing, and an unpleasant awareness of breathing difficulty known as dyspnea. Standard […]

  • Leisure vacations with added mindfulness extend lasting welless
    on March 31, 2021 at 11:15 pm

    People often look forward to leisure vacations as relief from work and life routines, and to improve their well-being. Little is known about what types of vacations yield the most enduring benefits. For example, would a person benefit more from a […]

  • Novel imaging technique shows brain activity sequence after MBSR
    on March 23, 2021 at 6:54 pm

    Brain imaging studies find that mindfulness training can change the human brain’s functional connectivity. That is, the degree to which various brain regions jointly covary in their activity. However, the causal direction of brain connectivity […]

  • Cortical thickness ups in seniors after group-based mindfulness
    on February 27, 2021 at 6:13 am

    Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI) is a decline in cognitive performance that is more severe than that of normal aging, yet less severe than that of dementia. Patients with MCI are at risk for developing dementia, and researchers are interested in […]

  • Mindfulness app yields less daytime fatigue in poor sleepers
    on February 24, 2021 at 6:02 am

    A majority of Americans report sleep problems, and over 50 million Americans meet diagnostic criteria for a sleep disorder. Sleep disorders are associated with many impairments in daytime functioning such as work performance, fatigue, and […]

  • After 10 days of mindfulness app, heart shows less stress
    on January 25, 2021 at 10:28 pm

    The human heart beats about 100,000 times per day. The time interval between each heartbeat changes from moment to moment. Heart rate variability (HRV) is a measure of these time fluctuations between heartbeats over time. When relaxed, our hearts […]

  • Brain and immune changes in cancer survivors after mindfulness
    on January 19, 2021 at 7:34 pm

    Research shows that mindfulness practice can reduce pro-inflammatory biomarkers related to illness onset and disease progression. Little is known, however, about how meditation-induced changes in inflammation are connected to brain activity. […]

  • Mindfulness primer boosts physician communication skills
    on December 22, 2020 at 6:49 pm

    Delivering bad news to patients is one of the many challenges physicians face. The exchange can be emotionally taxing for both the physician and patient, and if communicated poorly, can lead to misunderstanding, emotional devastation, and low […]

  • MBSR better than stress management for heath worker distress
    on December 17, 2020 at 12:33 pm

    Work-related stress is a major cause of employee dissatisfaction, absenteeism, turnover, and ill-health. Hospital healthcare workers face a number of significant work-related stresses including the physical, cognitive, and emotional demands of […]